When it comes to planning, social sector leaders often ask me how to ensure strategic plans get implemented. They are right to be concerned – their hard work matters and should not be relegated to a shelf. I respond with the Japanese proverb – “Vision without action is a daydream. Action without vision is a nightmare.” At Social Impact Architects, we don’t create plans. We create clarity and momentum, and plans are a means to an end. We are not satisfied with an attractive or even “comprehensive” planning document but aim to create a roadmap to dynamic change. This is why we always ask in discovery – how satisfied are you with the current strategic plan and the process that went into its creation? With many organizations embarking upon the strategic planning process, we wanted to cover the step after the strategic plan – action plans.

If impact is the bottom line of the social sector, we have to get from vision to action and hold ourselves accountable to the results – whether they be program results, staff turnover results or audit results. In past blogs, we have covered strategic plansbusiness plans and related dashboardsTo achieve action as well as shared understanding of strategic objectives, we often need to go one step further to map out operational needs and implications through action planning. For example, it is one thing to say you are going to “strengthen internal communications” in a strategic plan, but for this to become reality, the process must be documented in more detail.
To help move from strategy to execution, we have developed various methods of action planning to help our clients document these details. An action plan replaces the need for an operational plan and can change regularly based on progress and feedback. It also assumes that the strategic plan has undergone the best available external and internal research and analyses. As a result, the action plan can focus solely on changes needed to implement the strategy. While an action plan is more detailed than a strategic plan, the high-level steps delineated within it can be rolled up into a dashboard or created as a standalone document. This helps us measure progress between strategy and action, which is needed for an annual review of the strategic plan. It can also help us think through future budget implications.

The action plan focuses on one strategic objective at a time, which is placed at the top, and showcases the key areas needed to achieve the strategic objective. We like to focus on customer, financial, processes and people. If the external community has broader goals and is connected to your plan, you can also include it.
Under each area, you might want to answer the following questions:


  • How does this connect to our value proposition? Should it change? How do we communicate this change?
  • How do we know what is important to our customers/partners, so we can focus on those areas?
  • Are we learning as we go to inform our understanding of our customers’/partners’ evolving needs?
  • Are we being supportive of larger community goals?


  • How do we create a diversified funding strategy to support this strategy?
  • Do we understand the trade-offs between mission and money? How do we create a sustainable strategy to support it in the future?
  • If funding is incremental, what gets implemented first?


  • What programs do we need to change/add/eliminate to align with this objective?
  • What changes in technology are needed to make us more effective?
  • Are we focused on what is most important to our customers and partners? How do we best communicate this?
  • Are we equipped to accomplish this objective? What expectations can staff have related to adding resources?
  • What are the drivers of performance? Will these metrics connect us to our goals as well as the community’s goals?


  • Do we have the right people in place?
  • Are the appropriate staff and stakeholders aware and supportive of what is required of them?
  • Do they have the appropriate training and support?
  • Do they understand the shift needed to accomplish this objective?
  • Are these objectives reflected in performance goals?
To help you, we have added two samples (Program Review in Excel and Marketing & Communications in PDF) to showcase the variety of ways you can tackle Action Plans.
We welcome your thoughts on these and other ways to move from strategy to execution.


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